Izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB "lophula isi-7" ukuya kwiqondo elitsha elingaphezulu kweminyaka emibini, kwaye kunzima kumashishini amalaphu ukuba axhamle.

Ngorhatya lwe-15 kaSeptemba, izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB ye-offshore ngokuchasene ne-dollar yase-US yehle ngaphantsi kwe-"7" yamanqaku.Emva kokuphela kweminyaka engaphezulu kweminyaka emibini, izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB xa lithelekiswa nedola yaseMelika liphinde langena “kwixesha le-7”.Ngomhla we-16 kuSeptemba, izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB xa lithelekiswa nedola yaseMelika liphinde lehla ngaphantsi kwenani elipheleleyo le-"7" kwimarike ye-onshore, ubuncinane be-7.0188, ibetha ezantsi esitsha ngaphezulu kweminyaka emibini.

"Yophukile 7" akukho mfuneko yokoyika

Inani leengcali zeshishini libonise ukuba akukho mfuneko yokuhlawula ingqwalasela enkulu ukuba ireyithi yokutshintshiselwa kwe-RMB "iphuka i-7" okanye ayikho."Ukophulwa kwe-7" akuthethi ukuba i-RMB iya kuhla kakhulu.Okwangoku, ukuguquguquka kweendlela ezimbini zexabiso lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB yinto eqhelekileyo, kwaye kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukunyuka nokuwa.Amanye amaziko akholelwa ukuba ukuhla okumodareyitha kunye nokucwangcisiweyo kwexabiso lokutshintshiselana kwe-RMB kukulungele ukunyusa ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe kunye nokudlala indima yokuzinza ngokuzenzekelayo kwizinga lokutshintshiselana ukulungelelanisa uqoqosho olukhulu kunye nokulinganisela kweentlawulo.

Ixesha elide, "i-7" ithathwa njengesithintelo esibalulekileyo sezengqondo, kwaye izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB nalo lophule "7" amaxesha amaninzi.Umzekelo, ngo-Agasti ka-2019 nangoMeyi 2020, izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB lophule “7” ngenxa yokungavisisani kurhwebo kunye nobhubhane, ngokulandelelanayo.

Ngapha koko, emva kwe "Ikhefu lesi-7" ngo-Agasti ka-2019, izinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB liye lavula ukuguquguquka kokunyuka nokuhla.Ngoku, urhulumente kunye nemarike bandise kakhulu unyamezelo kunye nokuziqhelanisa neendlela ezimbini kunye nokuguquguquka okubanzi kumaxabiso otshintshiselwano.Oku kunokuqinisekiswa ekusebenzeni kweemarike zamva nje: lo mjikelezo wokuhla kwexabiso lokutshintshiselwa kwe-RMB ukususela ngo-Agasti 15 awuzange uhambisane nokuphazamiseka kweemarike.

Okwangoku, isivumelwano selizwe lam sangaphandle kunye neentengiso zentengiso zihamba kakuhle.Ukusukela ngo-Agasti, ukuhlawulwa kweebhanki ngemali yangaphandle kunye neentengiso kunye neerisithi ezinxulumene namazwe angaphandle kunye neentlawulo zibonise i-surplus ephindwe kabini.Ngo-Agasti, uhlaliso lweebhanki lwangaphandle kunye neentengiso zibe nentsalela yeebhiliyoni ezingama-25 zeedola, kwaye amacandelo angengawo awebhanki afana namashishini kunye nabantu ngabanye babenentsalela ye-113 leebhiliyoni zeerisithi neentlawulo ezinxulumene namazwe angaphandle.ibhiliyoni, zombini ziphezulu kunomyinge wenyanga kulo nyaka.Ngokubanzi, abatyali-mali bamazwe angaphandle bathenga izibambiso zaseTshayina kwi-net base, kwaye abathathi-nxaxheba kwimarike yotshintshiselwano lwangaphandle baba nengqiqo ngakumbi.Imodeli yentengiselwano "yesisombululo sotshintshiselwano lwangaphandle kwiirali" yagcinwa, kwaye izinga lotshintshiselwano bekulindeleke ukuba lizinzile.

Kwixesha elizayo, ngokuzinziswa koqoqosho lwasekhaya kunye nokulungiswa kwesalathiso se-dollar yase-US, izinga lokutshintshiselwa kwe-RMB liya kunyuka libuyele kwi-"6" uluhlu.

Kunzima kumashishini amalaphu ukuba axhamle

Ezinye iingcaphephe zikholelwa ukuba ukuhla kwexabiso okuphakathi kwezinga lotshintshiselwano lwe-RMB kulungele ukuthumela ngaphandle kwaye kuya kwandisa ukukhuphisana kweemveliso ezithunyelwa ngaphandle kwe-China ukuya kumlinganiselo othile.Nangona kunjalo, kwireyithi yotshintshiselwano ye-RMB "ikhefu lesi-7", ezinye iimbono zeemarike zinexhala lokuba ziya kuba nemiphumo emibi kwezinye iinkalo.Umzekelo, ukuhla kwexabiso okulindelweyo kunokunyusa ukuphuma kwenkunzi;ukuhla kwexabiso lotshintshiselwano kukhokelela ekunyukeni kweendleko zokungeniswa kwempahla ngaphandle, ukunyusa uxinzelelo lokunyuka kwamaxabiso avela kumazwe angaphandle, kunye nokucudisa iingeniso kumashishini asezantsi;ukwandisa uxinzelelo lokuhlawula amatyala angaphandle;ukunqanda umgaqo-nkqubo wemali wasekhaya, kunye nendawo yomgaqo-nkqubo wokuzinzisa umda wokukhula njl.njl.

Xa kwakusondele ukwaphula "i-7" ngaphambili, ngokophando lweendaba, amashishini athumela impahla ngaphandle awazange axhamle ekuthotyweni kwexabiso lotshintshiselwano.Ngenxa yomonakalo kumatyathanga amashishini aphesheya obangelwa ziindyikityha zaphesheya, nangona ukuthunyelwa kwelaphu yaseTshayina kuye kwanda kulo nyaka, ngaphezulu zithunyelwa ngaphandle iimveliso ezigqityiweyo, kwaye inani lamalaphu athunyelwa ngokuthe ngqo lihlile.Ngoko ke, isahlulo sezinga lotshintshiselwano, amashishini athumela ngaphandle kwelaphu awazange azuze.Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ixabiso lezinto ezithengiswa kumazwe angaphandle liya kunyuka ngenxa yokuhla kwexabiso lokutshintshiselana.Phakathi kwabo, nangona uninzi lwee-polyester filaments ziveliswa ngoku ekhaya, izinto eziluhlaza ezinyukayo, nokuba yeyona oyile ekrwada iphambili okanye i-PX, eyimfuneko ekuvelisweni kwePTA, kusafuneka ingeniswe kumazwe angaphandle ngobuninzi.Amaxabiso ezi zinto zikrwada anyukile ngenxa yokuhla kwexabiso lotshintshiselwano.Ke ngoko, ixabiso lezinto eziluhlaza linyukile, ixabiso lepolyester nalo linyukile, kwaye iindleko zamashishini amalaphu asezantsi nawo anyukile.


Ixesha lokuposa: Oct-31-2022

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